How To Avoid Showing Girls In Bikinis On Your Presentation

How To Avoid Showing Girls In Bikinis On Your Presentation

Whether you are using Windows or a Apple computer, there’s a feature called Accounts. Accounts allow you to set up your computer so that another person can use it. That other person will have his own Desktop, his own wallpaper, his own Documents etc. as if it was his own computer, all protected by a different password than the main account.
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Drupal 8 Tip: How To Patch A Module Via Composer

In my case I was using the Entity Auto Term module, which issued a patch fixing a known issue. The patch i’m trying to apply is and part of it looks like this:

To apply it, you have to edit your composer.json located at your website root, pictured here via Filezilla FTP:

I right click view/edit to edit it in Notepad++ here:

I will need to add the red part below. You will most likely have the green part already present, so just edit the red “patches” section to fit your needs.

"extra": {

"installer-paths": {

"web/core": ["type:drupal-core"],

"web/libraries/{$name}": ["type:drupal-library"],

"web/modules/contrib/{$name}": ["type:drupal-module"],

"web/profiles/contrib/{$name}": ["type:drupal-profile"],

"web/themes/contrib/{$name}": ["type:drupal-theme"],

"drush/contrib/{$name}": ["type:drupal-drush"]


"patches": {

"drupal/eat": {

"Drupal EAT fix duplicate terms": ""




Next run Composer Update, and the output should look like this:

That’s it you should be all set.

How To Revive A ‘Dead’ WordPress Website

My old WordPress site was actively maintained for five years until I lost interest. After a few years of lying mostly dormant the site developed errors and essentially ‘died’ as it was inaccessible.

I wanted to reactivate it again. Fortunately I had not deleted the files and database from my shared server so making it ‘alive’ again was certainly possible. However since the site had not been updated for several years it was using a very outdated version of WordPress and was incompatible with the latest versions of MySQL and PHP.

Simply reactivating and updating it via the normal ‘one click update’ WordPress is known for is ok for most recently upgraded websites, but for those that haven’t been touched in years it may result in unwelcome surprises.

In summary, here’s what I did to avoid these surprises.

  1. Set up the old website to function the same way as it did before the domain lapsed.
  2. Set up a fresh new WordPress site with nothing in it.
  3. Use the Export tool on the old website to produce an xml file of old users, posts and comments.
  4. Import it into the new website.

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Drupal 7 Tutorial: Styling Comments Using Views

The default Recent Comments view in Drupal 7 lays out comments in this fashion:


Essentially it’s an unordered list (ul) featuring a clickable title of the comment followed by a comma, then a timestamp.

But what if you want the comment to include the name of the author and the name of the node as well, and to rearrange it?

Here’s how:

Step 1.

First, think of how you want the comment to look like and write it down. In the example below we are going to use in the following order:

  1. comment author followed by an
  2. @ sign, then the
  3. title of the node, a
  4. colon punctuation mark, followed by
  5. 96 characters of the comment (linked to the comment), then a
  6. timestamp with ‘ago’ appended.

Step 2.

Clone the ‘Recent Comments’ view in /admin/structure/views.


Step 3.

The default ‘Recent Comments’ only has the fields

‘Comment: Title’ and
‘Comment: Updated Date’.

We will add

‘Comment: ID’
‘Comment: Author’
‘(Content) Content: Title’
‘Global: Custom Text’

After some rearranging your fields should look like this:


Step 4.

  1. Click ‘Comment: ID’, then click ‘Exclude from Display’. Press Apply.
  2. Click ‘Comment: Title’ then click ‘Exclude from Display’. Press Apply.
  3. Click ‘Comment: Author’ then click ‘Exclude from Display’. Press Apply.
  4. Click ‘(Content) Content: Title’ then click ‘Exclude from Display’. Press Apply.
  5. Click ‘Comment: Updated date’ then click ‘Exclude from Display’. In the Date Format, choose ‘Time Span (with ‘ago / hence’ appended)’. Press Apply.
  6. Click ‘Comment: Comment’ then click ‘Exclude from Display’. Click ‘Rewrite Results’ and in the Link Path box, type ‘/comment/[cid]#comment-[cid]‘ like this:


    Scroll down further and click ‘Trim this field to a maximum length’, and enter ’96’ at the Maximum Length box. Optionally, also click ‘Trim only on a word boundary’ and ‘Add an ellipsis’: Press Apply.


  7. Click ‘Global Custom text’, and enter the following in the ‘Text’ box ‘[name]@[title]:</br>[comment_body]</br>[timestamp]‘ like this:5

Press Apply. The preview should now appear like this:


Click Save.

With some CSS styling you can come up with a snazzy looking sidebar comment list like this:


Drupal 8 Installation On a VPS

This was done on an Ubuntu 14.04 laptop (named groundcontrol). For all intents and purposes it is similar to a VPS. Just like a VPS it has MySQL, Php and Apache running a virtual host, all current versions as of this time.

This tutorial assumes you have set up your VPS appropriately, with the proper directories prepared, hosts file and DNS ready, etc.

I. Download and un-compress.

Go to, click ‘Download & Extend’


Click Drupal 8, right click the latest Drupal core 8.x and select ‘copy link address’.


Via SSH, login your VPS and go to the directory you set up for the installation. Here I used ‘/srv/www/d8’.

  • Enter ‘sudo wget’ then right-click your mouse to paste the address on the command line, ie.
sudo wget

The latest compressed drupal 8 files will download.

  • Uncompress the file
ghm33@groundcontrol /srv/www/d8 $ sudo tar xvzf drupal-8.1.1.tar.gz

The files will decompress into a folder called drupal-8.1.1.

  • Move all the compressed files in the new drupal-8.1.1 directory into public_html.
ghm33@groundcontrol /srv/www/d8 $ sudo cp -rv drupal-8.1.1/* public_html/

Enter the command ‘ls public_html/’ and you will now see all the drupal 8 directories and files properly laid out.


II. Prepare database.

Still in the terminal, login mysql.

sudo mysql -u root -p
  • Enter password to login mysql shell.
  • Create a database:
    create database d8;
  • Create a user and grant privileges to that user on d8:
    grant all on d8.* to 'd8user' identified by 'password';
  • flush priviliges;
  • quit


You now have an empty database (d8) and a database user (d8user). List this down.

III. Set up Drupal 8.

Open your browser and enter the url where you placed the drupal 8 files. This should appear:


After choosing a language, click ‘standard installation’ in ‘choose profile’.


A few errors appear.

  • Fix the clean URLs issue (the .htaccess file was not included when we copied it over).
 sudo cp -rv /srv/www/d8/drupal-8.1.1/.htaccess /srv/www/d8/public_html/
  • Fix the File System issue:
sudo mkdir -p /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/files
  • Fix the Settings file issue:
sudo cp -rv /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/default.settings.php /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/settings.php

Refresh the page. You will probably see these messages:


  • Fix the file system issue:
 sudo chmod -R 777 /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/files/
  • Fix the settings file issue:
sudo chmod 777 /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/settings.php
  • Refresh your browser and proceed. Enter the database details prepared earlier.




This message will appear:


Enter the ff. commands to fix these:

sudo chmod 444 /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/settings.php

sudo chmod -R 755 /srv/www/d8/public_html/sites/default/files/

You should now have a working Drupal 8 installation.


Visit the ‘admin/reports/status’ page first and deal with any issues you find there. We will cover file and directory permissions in another post.

How To Rearrange Drupal Zen Theme Sidebars

Here’s how to rearrange sidebars on any Drupal v7.x website using the Zen theme 7.x.

After installing the Zen theme you will need to put some content onto a block and arrange it in admin/structure/block to appear on either sidebar left or right. In this example below I placed the Navigation Menu on the left sidebar region and the Search Box and Main Menu blocks in the Right sidebar region. By default the main content will appear in the middle:01_before

Let’s say you want to rearrange the layout so that from the left the main content will appear first, followed by the left sidebar and then the right sidebar. Here’s how to do it:

In the following examples we are editing a fixed layout, so you will edit the ‘themes/yourcustomtheme/css/layouts/fixed.css’ (Note: If you are using a responsive layout you will open the ‘themes/yourcustomtheme/css/layouts/responsive.css’).

In this image below, my theme name is ‘momex’, and I am using Notepad++ as my text editor.


Go to line 124, under the lines ‘Span 3 columns, starting in 2nd column from left’:


There are 3 elements:

  1. .two-sidebars #content selector shows attributes for the main content area.
  2. .two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first selector has attributes for the first sidebar and
  3. .two-sidebars .region-sidebar-second has attributes for the second sidebar.

Since we want the main content to appear on the left of the layout first, we switch the contents of item 1. (‘.two-sidebars #content”) and item 2. (‘.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first’), like this. Don’t touch item 3 just yet.


The result is like this:


It looks awful yes, but at least we have the main content appearing on the leftmost column first, the ‘left sidebar’ appearing on the 2nd column and the third column where we want it to be.

We can now focus on the width of the left sidebar and the main content.

First we change item 1 (.two-sidebars) width from 176px to 568px, and item 2 (.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first) from 568px to 176px:


Now there’s a huge gap between the first and second sidebar. This is because of the margin-widths of both the first and second sidebars.

So for item 2 (.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first) we change margin-left from 0 to 196px and margin-right from -196px to -392px.

And for item 3. (.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first) we change margin-left from 784 to 392px and retain margin-right at -930px.


Here’s the final css for the FIXED layout code:

/* Span 3 columns, starting in 1st column from left. */
.two-sidebars #content {
 float: left;
 width: 568px;
 margin-left: 0px;
 margin-right: -196px;

/* Span 1 column, starting in 1st column from left. */
.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first {
 float: left;
 width: 176px;
 margin-left: 196px;
 margin-right: -392px;

/* Span 1 column, starting in 5th column from left. */
.two-sidebars .region-sidebar-second {
 float: left;
 width: 176px;
 margin-left: 392px;
 margin-right: -980px;

And as a BONUS, here is final css for a RESPONSIVE layout with same results, starting on line 249 in the /themes/yourcustomtheme/css/layouts/responsive.css

/* Span 3 columns, starting in 1st column from left. */
 .two-sidebars #content {
 float: left;
 width: 60%;
 margin-left: 0%;
 margin-right: -20%;

/* Span 1 column, starting in 1st column from left. */
 .two-sidebars .region-sidebar-first {
 float: left;
 width: 20%;
 margin-left: 20%;
 margin-right: -40%;

/* Span 1 column, starting in 5th column from left. */
 .two-sidebars .region-sidebar-second {
 float: left;
 width: 20%;
 margin-left: 40%;
 margin-right: -100%;


  • The standard width of the fixed layout is 960px, and this value is key to figuring out the margin-widths.
  • Issuing unique background-colors to your sidebar css helps greatly in distinguishing one from the other.
  • Doing same for a responsive theme is similar if not easier because it uses percentages rather than pixels.




How To Fix the commerce_kickstart directory could not be found within the modules directory Issue

I recently came across this issue whilst trying to update a Commerce Kickstart installation via Drush. Error reads:

The commerce_kickstart directory could not be found within the modules directory at [error]
/srv/www/, perhaps the project is
enabled but has been deleted from disk.

There were several modules that needed updating below, so ./drush -u 1 up seemed the proper drush command to update them all in one go.


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Using elFinder Instead Of IMCE Wysiwyg Bridge

I’ve been using IMCE Wysiwig Bridge on all my Drupal sites as it is the easiest to implement. However it is very un user friendly as its UI tends to intimidate users. So I decided to try elFinder which promises to fix that, however it is the exact opposite of IMCE Wysiwyg, being easier to look at and use BUT so much more difficult to install.

The problem is that elFinder’s installation instructions were mostly meant for standalone Wysiwyg installations and not in a Drupal context. So here’s how I did it.

First, install your Wysiwyg module as usual (in my case I used TinyMCE 3.x, which is compatible with elFinder along with many other popular Wysiwyg modules).

Then, download elFinder 1.x (NOT 2.x) and install at /sites/all/libraries, being careful to rename the folder ‘elfinder’, so you’ll end up with


activate the elfinder module. If you did not install elFinder properly you will getting the error

‘elFinder library was not found. Please download it from and install to . (Currently using elFinder Not found)’

Now that you have installed elFinder and TinyMCE, you now have to edit TinyMCE so that it will make use of elFinder to find files for you. The link to do that is here, however the instructions are for a standalone installation.

I learned how to do it in a Drupal setting by reading this:

Basically all you have to do is make a module like this in your /sites/all/modules folder:


Then in it, paste this:

file_browser_callback : 'elFinderBrowser'
 function elFinderBrowser (field_name, url, type, win) {
 var elfinder_url = '../sites/all/libraries/elfinder/elfinder.html'; // use an absolute path!{
 file: elfinder_url,
 title: 'elFinder 2.0',
 width: 900,
 height: 450,
 resizable: 'yes',
 inline: 'yes', // This parameter only has an effect if you use the inlinepopups plugin!
 popup_css: false, // Disable TinyMCE's default popup CSS
 close_previous: 'no'
 }, {
 window: win,
 input: field_name
 return false;

Then you go to /sites/all/libraries/elfinder and create ‘elfinder.html’, then paste this inside it:


<!-- Include jQuery, jQuery UI, elFinder (REQUIRED) -->

<!-- TinyMCE Popup class (REQUIRED) -->
 <script type="text/javascript" src="../sites/all/libraries/tinymce/tiny_mce/tiny_mce_popup.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">
 var FileBrowserDialogue = {
 init: function() {
 // Here goes your code for setting your custom things onLoad.
 mySubmit: function (URL) {
 var win = tinyMCEPopup.getWindowArg('window');

// pass selected file path to TinyMCE
 win.document.getElementById(tinyMCEPopup.getWindowArg('input')).value = URL;

// are we an image browser?
 if (typeof(win.ImageDialog) != 'undefined') {
 // update image dimensions
 if (win.ImageDialog.getImageData) {
 // update preview if necessary
 if (win.ImageDialog.showPreviewImage) {

// close popup window

tinyMCEPopup.onInit.add(FileBrowserDialogue.init, FileBrowserDialogue);

$().ready(function() {
 var elf = $('#elfinder').elfinder({
 // set your elFinder options here
 url: 'php/connector.php', // connector URL
 getFileCallback: function(file) { // editor callback
 FileBrowserDialogue.mySubmit(file.url); // pass selected file path to TinyMCE

Then, go to /admin/config/content/wysiwyg and click ‘edit’ on TinyMCE operations. Click ‘Buttons and Plugins’. You will need to check the ‘Image’ and ‘elFinder’ boxes, and finally you will have your elFinder.

There are lots of options to explore at ‘admin/config/media/elfinder’. I would start with establishing a Custom Path so as to keep files neat and tidy.


Easy right? No?

Well you’re right. It is downright confusing which is why I’m writing down how I did it here as well. However if it is important to you for your users to have an easier time uploading images to their articles and blog posts then this should be a good alternative to look at.